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Handbook of Water and Wastewater Treatment Operations, Third Edition

Order Code: CL1172
ISBN Number: 9781466553378
Publisher: CRC Press
No. of Pages: 923
Date of Publication: 2013

Handbook of Water and Wastewater Treatment Operations, Third Edition

Price: 95.99

  • Adds an additional 250 math problems and solutions, updates on "sick water," and a new chapter on operator safety
  • Provides step-by-step procedures for the proper and efficient operation of water and wastewater treatment systems
  • Enables users to properly operate water and wastewater plants and suggests several troubleshooting procedures for returning a plant to optimum operation levels
  • Offers regulatory guidance to engineers working in industry
  • Prepares users for proper operation of water and wastewater treatment plants and serves as a widely-used guidebook used for numerous licensure exam preps

Handbook of Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant Operations the first thorough resource manual developed exclusively for water and wastewater plant operators has been updated and expanded. An industry standard now in its third edition, this book addresses management issues and security needs, contains coverage on pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs), and includes regulatory changes. The author explains the material in layman’s terms, providing real-world operating scenarios with problem-solving practice sets for each scenario. This provides readers with the ability to incorporate math with both theory and practical application. The book contains additional emphasis on operator safety, new chapters on energy conservation and sustainability, and basic science for operators.

What’s New in the Third Edition:

  • Prepares operators for licensure exams
  • Provides additional math problems and solutions to better prepare users for certification exams
  • Updates all chapters to reflect the developments in the field
  • Enables users to properly operate water and wastewater plants and suggests troubleshooting procedures for returning a plant to optimum operation levels

A complete compilation of water science, treatment information, process control procedures, problem-solving techniques, safety and health information, and administrative and technological trends, this text serves as a resource for professionals working in water and wastewater operations and operators preparing for wastewater licensure exams. It can also be used as a supplemental textbook for undergraduate and graduate students studying environmental science, water science, and environmental engineering.

Table of Contents
Section I Water and Wastewater Operations: An Overview

Current Issues in Water and Wastewater Treatment Operations

- Introduction
- Sick Water
- Publicly Owned Treatment Works: Cash Cows or Cash Dogs?
- The Paradigm Shift
- Multiple-Barrier Concept
- Management Problems Facing Water and Wastewater Operations

Water/Wastewater Operators
- Introduction
- Setting The Record Straight
- The Computer-Literate Jack or Jill
- Plant Operators as Emergency Responders
- Operator Duties, Numbers, and Working Conditions
- Operator Certification and Licensure

Upgrading Security
- Introduction
- Consequences of 9/11
- Security Hardware/Devices

Energy Conservation Measures and Sustainability
- Introduction
- Pumping System Energy Conservation Measures
- Design and Control of Aeration Systems
- Blowers

Water/Wastewater References, Models, and Terminology
- Setting the Stage
- Treatment Process Models
- Key Terms, Acronyms, and Abbreviations Used in Water and Wastewater Operations

Section II Water/Wastewater Operations: Math, Physics, and Technical Aspects

Water/Wastewater Math Operations
- Introduction
- Calculation Steps
- Equivalents, Formulae, and Symbols
- Basic Water/Wastewater Math Operations
- Applied Math Operations
- Water Math Concepts
- Wastewater Math Concepts
- Water/Wastewater Laboratory Calculations

Science Fundamentals
- Introduction
- Force and Motion
- Acceleration
- Force
- Newton’s Laws of Motion
- Work
- Energy
- Momentum
- Circular Motion
- Angular Motion
- Angular Velocity
- Angular Acceleration
- Torque
- Angular Momentum
- Gravity
- Thermal Properties
- States of Matter
- Wave Motion and Sound
- Light
- Color

Blueprint Reading
- Blueprints: The Universal Language
- Units of Measurement
- Alphabet of Lines
- Dimensions and Shop Notes
- Machine Drawings
- Sheet Metal Drawings
- Hydraulic and Pneumatic Drawings
- Welding Blueprints and Symbols
- Electrical Drawings
- AC&R Drawings
- Schematics and Symbols
- Electrical Schematics
- General Piping Systems and System Schematics
- Hydraulic and Pneumatic System Schematic Symbols

Water Hydraulics
- What Is Water Hydraulics?
- Basic Concepts
- Stevin’s Law
- Density and Specific Gravity
- Force and Pressure
- Head
- Flow and Discharge Rates: Water in Motion
- Piezometric Surface and Bernoulli’s Theorem
- Well and Wet Well Hydraulics
- Friction Head Loss
- Basic Piping Hydraulics
- Open-Channel Flow
- Flow Measurement

Fundamentals of Electricity
- Nature of Electricity
- The Structure of Matter
- Conductors, Semiconductors, and Insulators
- Static Electricity
- Magnetism
- Difference in Potential
- Current
- Resistance
- Battery-Supplied Electricity
- Simple Electrical Circuit
- Ohm’s Law
- Electrical Power
- Electrical Energy (Kilowatt-Hours)
- Series DC Circuit Characteristics
- Ground
- Open and Short Circuits
- Parallel DC Circuits
- Series - Parallel Circuits
- Conductors
- Electromagnetism
- AC Theory
- Inductance
- Practical Electrical Applications

Hydraulic Machines: Pumps
- Introduction
- Basic Pumping Calculations
- Centrifugal Pumps
- Positive-Displacement Pumps

Water/Wastewater Conveyance
- Delivering the Lifeblood of Civilization
- Conveyance Systems
- Definitions
- Fluids vs Liquids
- Maintaining Fluid Flow in Piping Systems
- Piping System Accessories
- Piping System Temperature Effects and Insulation
- Metallic Piping
- Nonmetallic Piping
- Tubing
- Industrial Hoses
- Pipe and Tube Fittings
- Valves
- Piping System Protective Devices
- Piping Ancillaries

Section III Characteristics of Water
Basic Water Chemistry
- Chemistry Concepts and Definitions
- Chemistry Fundamentals
- Water Solutions
- Water Constituents
- Common Water Measurements
- Water Treatment Chemicals
- Chemical Drinking Water Parameters

Water Microbiology
- Introduction
- Microbiology: What Is It?
- Water/Wastewater Microorganisms
- Key Terms
- Microorganism Classification and Differentiation
- The Cell
- Bacteria
- Protozoa
- Microscopic Crustaceans
- Viruses
- Algae
- Fungi
- Nematodes and Flatworms (Worms)
- Water Treatment and Microbiological Processes
- Wastewater Treatment and Microbiological Processes

Water Ecology
- Introduction
- Why Is Ecology Important?
- Why Study Ecology?
- History of Ecology
- Levels of Organization
- Ecosystems
- Energy Flow in the Ecosystem
- Food Chain Efficiency
- Ecological Pyramids
- Productivity
- Population Ecology
- Stream Genesis and Structure
- Benthic Life
- Benthic Plants and Animals
- Benthic Macroinvertebrates
- Typical Benthic Macroinvertebrates in Running Waters
- Summary of Key Terms

Water Quality
- Introduction
- Water Cycle
- Water Quality Standards
- Water Quality Characteristics of Water and Wastewater

Biomonitoring, Monitoring, Sampling, and Testing
- What Is Biomonitoring?
- Periphyton Protocols
- Fish Protocols
- Macroinvertebrate Protocols
- Biological Sampling in Streams
- Drinking Water Quality Monitoring
- General Preparation and Sampling Considerations
- Test Methods for Drinking Water and Wastewater

Section IV Water and Water Treatment

Potable Water Source

- Earth’s Blood
- Introduction
- Hydrologic Cycle
- Sources of Water
- Surface Water
- Groundwater
- Groundwater Under the Direct Influence of Surface Water
- Surface Water Quality/Treatment Requirements
- Public Water System Quality Requirements
- Well Systems

Watershed Protection
- Introduction
- Current Issues in Water Management
- What Is a Watershed?
- Watershed Protection and Regulations
- A Watershed Protection Plan
- Reservoir Management Practices
- Watershed Management Practices
- Eight Tools of Watershed Protection

Water Treatment Operations
- Introduction
- Waterworks Operators
- Purpose of Water Treatment
- Stages of Water Treatment
- Pretreatment
- Coagulation
- Flocculation
- Sedimentation
- Filtration
- Disinfection
- Arsenic Removal from Drinking Water
- Who Is Ultimately Responsible for Drinking Water Quality?

Section V Wastewater and Wastewater Treatment
Wastewater Treatment Operations
- Wastewater Operators
- Wastewater Terminology and Definitions
- Measuring Plant Performance
- Wastewater Sources and Characteristics
- Wastewater Collection Systems
- Preliminary Treatment
- Primary Treatment (Sedimentation)
- Secondary Treatment
- Activated Sludge
- Disinfection of Wastewater
- Advanced Wastewater Treatment
- Solids (Sludge/Biosolids) Handling
- Permits, Records, and Reports